Computer Graphics
TU Braunschweig

Image-space Editing of 3D Content


The goal of this project is to develop algorithms in image space that allow photo-realistic editing of dynamic 3D scenes. Traditional 2D editing tools cannot be applied to 3D video as in addition to correspondences in time spatial correspondences are needed for consistent editing. In this project we analyze how to make use of the redundancy in multi-stereoscopic videos to compute robust and dense correspondence fields. these space-time correspondences can then be used to propagate changes applied to one frame consistently to all other frames in the video. Beside the transition of classical video editing tools we want to develop new tools specifically for 3D video content.

This project has been funded by ERC Grant #256941 `Reality CG` and the German Science Foundation, DFG MA2555/4-2.


Kai Ruhl, Martin Eisemann, Marcus Magnor:
Cost Volume-based Interactive Depth Editing in Stereo Post-processing
in Proc. European Conference on Visual Media Production (CVMP), vol. 10, pp. 1-6, November 2013.

Felix Klose, Christian Lipski, Marcus Magnor:
A Framework for Image-Based Stereoscopic View Synthesis from Asynchronous Multi-View Data
in Emerging Technologies for 3D Video: Creation, Coding, Transmission and Rendering, Wiley, ISBN 978-1-118-35511-4, pp. 249-270, May 2013.

Kai Ruhl, Felix Klose, Christian Lipski, Marcus Magnor:
Integrating Approximate Depth Data into Dense Image Correspondence Estimation
in Proc. European Conference on Visual Media Production (CVMP), vol. 9, pp. 1-6, December 2012.

Anita Sellent, Kai Ruhl, Marcus Magnor:
A Loop-Consistency Measure for Dense Correspondences in Multi-View Video
in Journal of Image and Vision Computing, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 641-654, June 2012.

Christian Lipski, Felix Klose, Kai Ruhl, Marcus Magnor:
Making of ”Who Cares?” HD Stereoscopic Free Viewpoint Video
in Proc. European Conference on Visual Media Production (CVMP), vol. 8, pp. 1-10, November 2011.

Anita Sellent, Martin Eisemann, Marcus Magnor:
Two Algorithms for Motion Estimation from Alternate Exposure Images
in Cremers, D. and Magnor, M. and Oswald, M.R. and Zelnik-Manor, L. (Eds.): Video Processing and Computational Video, Springer, ISBN 978-3-642-24869-6, pp. 25-51, October 2011.

Martin Eisemann, Jan Kokemüller, Marcus Magnor:
Object-aware Gradient-Domain Image Compositing
in Proc. Vision, Modeling and Visualization (VMV), pp. 65-71, October 2011.

Anita Sellent, Martin Eisemann, Bastian Goldlücke, Daniel Cremers, Marcus Magnor:
Motion Field Estimation from Alternate Exposure Images
in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence (TPAMI), vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 1577-1589, August 2011.

Martin Eisemann, Daniel Gohlke, Marcus Magnor:
Edge-Constrained Image Compositing
in Proc. Graphics Interface (GI), pp. 191-198, May 2011.

Timo Stich, Christian Linz, Christian Wallraven, Douglas Cunningham, Marcus Magnor:
Perception-motivated interpolation of image sequences
in ACM Transactions on Applied Perception, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 1-25, February 2011.

Christian Linz, Christian Lipski, Marcus Magnor:
Multi-Image Interpolation based on Graph-Cuts and Symmetric Optical Flow
in Proc. Vision, Modeling and Visualization (VMV), Eurographics Association, pp. 115-122, November 2010.

Christian Lipski, Christian Linz, Thomas Neumann, Markus Wacker, Marcus Magnor:
High Resolution Image Correspondences for Video Post-Production
in Proc. European Conference on Visual Media Production (CVMP), vol. 7, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 33-39, November 2010.

Christian Linz, Christian Lipski, Lorenz Rogge, Christian Theobalt, Marcus Magnor:
Space-Time Visual Effects as a Post-Production Process
in ACM Multimedia 2010 Workshop - 1st International Workshop on 3D Video Processing (3DVP), vol. 1, pp. 1-6, October 2010.

Anita Sellent, Christian Linz, Marcus Magnor:
Consistent Optical Flow for Stereo Video
in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP), pp. 1-4, September 2010.

Christian Linz, Christian Lipski, Marcus Magnor:
Multi-image interpolation based on graph-cuts and symmetric optical flow
in Proc. SIGGRAPH, ACM, p. 1, August 2010.

Benjamin Meyer, Christian Lipski, Björn Scholz, Marcus Magnor:
Multi-view Coding with Dense Correspondence Fields
in Proc. IEEE International Symposium on Consumer Electronics (ISCE), pp. 117-120, June 2010.

Benjamin Meyer, Christian Lipski, Björn Scholz, Marcus Magnor:
Real-time Free-Viewpoint Navigation from Compressed Multi-Video Recordings
in Proc. 3D Data Processing, Visualization and Transmission (3DPVT), pp. 1-6, May 2010.

Related Projects

Alternate Exposure Imaging

Traditional optic flow algorithms rely on consecutive short-exposure images. In contrast, long-exposed images contain integrated motion information directly in form of motion blur. In this project, we use the additional information provided by a long exposure image to improve robustness and accuracy of motion field estimation. Furthermore, the long exposure image can be used to determine the moment of occlusion for the pixels in any of the short exposure images that are occluded or disoccluded.

This work has been funded by the German Science Foundation, DFG MA2555/4-1

Multi-Image Correspondences

Multi-view video camera setups record many images that capture nearly the same scene at nearly the same instant in time. Neighboring images in a multi-video setup restrict the solution space between two images: correspondences between one pair of images must be in accordance with the correspondences to the neighboring images.

The concept of accordance or consistency for correspondences between three neighboring images can be employed in the estimation of dense optical flow and in the matching of sparse features between three images.

This work has been funded in parts by the ERC Grant #256941 `Reality CG` and the German Science Foundation, DFG MA2555/4-2.

Perception-motivated Interpolation of Image Sequences

We present a method for image interpolation which is able to create high-quality, perceptually convincing transitions between recorded images. By implementing concepts derived from human vision, the problem of a physically correct image interpolation is relaxed to an image interpolation that is perceived as physically correct by human observers. We find that it suffices to focus on exact edge correspondences, homogeneous regions and coherent motion to compute such solutions. In our user study we confirm the visual quality of the proposed image interpolation approach. We show how each aspect of our approach increases the perceived quality of the interpolation results, compare the results obtained by other methods and investigate the achieved quality for different types of scenes.

Reality CG

Scope of "Reality CG" is to pioneer a novel approach to modelling, editing and rendering in computer graphics. Instead of manually creating digital models of virtual worlds, Reality CG will explore new ways to achieve visual realism from the kind of approximate models that can be derived from conventional, real-world imagery as input.

Virtual Video Camera

The Virtual Video Camera research project is aimed to provide algorithms for rendering free-viewpoint video from asynchronous camcorder captures. We want to record our multi-video data without the need of specialized hardware or intrusive setup procedures (e.g., waving calibration patterns).

Who Cares?

Official music video "Who Cares" by Symbiz Sound; the first major production using our Virtual Video Camera.

Dubstep, spray cans, brush and paint join forces and unite with the latest digital production techniques. All imagery depicts live action graffiti and performance. Camera motion added in post production using the Virtual Video Camera.